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The Complete Guide to Eating After Whipple Surgery

by Elaine Guinan on May 22, 2017

A Whipple surgery (pancreatoduodenectomy) is usually performed on pancreatic cancer patients to remove tumors at the head of the pancreas. Whipple surgery effectively reorganizes the body’s digestive system as aside cutting away parts of the pancreas, it removes the bile duct, and in some cases, portions of the digestive system like the small intestine and even parts of the stomach. This means that the body has to learn to adapt to its new digestive set-up, which can cause patients varying degrees of digestive discomfort depending on how radical the surgery has been.

General diet tips for post-Whipple patients:

Unfortunately because every patient is different, there is no one specific diet recommended for post-Whipple patients. They are often advised to eat whatever they can, which can feel distressingly vague, especially if issues do arise such as favorite foods becoming difficult to eat or digest.  Although the goal is for Whipple patients to be able to eat the same diet high in fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins recommended to all cancer patients, some will unfortunately struggle with diet issues while others will have no problems at all. There are however general diet tips and recipes for post-Whipple patients. Here are 5 of the most basic along with some recipe ideas to help get you through.

Common post-Whipple problems:

There are some problems that need watching out for after Whipple regardless of how well you may feel you’re doing:

Digesting fats

Very fatty foods can cause problems. If you find that you are having issues digesting fat, it’s important that you speak to your doctor about taking pancreatic enzymes and learning to take them at the right time. Most patients will lose weight after surgery, and since fat is an excellent source of calories to help gain it back, it is better to try to manage any fat digestion issues medically rather than by simply cutting back on it. Malnutrition can be an unsought-for side effect.

Delayed stomach emptying:

This can happen in the first days after surgery and can cause infection if it persists. Choose lower fiber, lower fat foods and continue to focus on eating little and often. Some tasty  low fiber options for you.

Malabsorption

Malabsorption of vitamins can be an issue post-Whipple. Ask your doctor if he would recommend taking a daily multivitamin.

Dumping Syndrome

This is triggered by foods high in sugar, such as candy, cookies or sodas so these should be avoided. To satisfy your sweet cravings, try some of these dishes which are lower in sugar and will provide you with nutrients to help your recovery:

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance can develop due to the parts of the digestive system that were removed. If you notice that you have gas, bloating or diarrhea after eating or drinking dairy, try a lactose-free product to see if that helps.

In the end these are all just rough guidelines. Listen to your body, and experiment with different foods and flavors until you find what works for you and your new GI system. Your food diary will help you to keep track. 

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