By Chelsea Fisher
An old proverb states: “Fish, to taste good, must swim three times: In water, in butter, and in wine.” This homage to butter has since been overshadowed by its artery clogging reputation, and its recent gag-worthy appearance at a fair in Iowa, on a stick, covered in batter, and (gasp) deep-fried. As most of us know, butter is high in saturated fat and calories. And yet, in moderation, as Julia Child demonstrated regularly, butter can be one of your best friends in the kitchen. Of course, moderation is truly key here.
In the past 50 years, largely due to the rise of heart disease, a fear of fat among Americans filled our grocery shelves with highly processed “fat-free” foods. But these are not necessarily healthier. Many of the pre-packaged, processed foods are full of chemicals and other unfriendly ingredients that make a bit of butter seem downright healthy.
In fact, our bodies need fats. Fats provide energy, help build the fatty sheath that surrounds nerve fibers in our brains, and support healthy skin and vitamin absorption. However, much depends on the quality of the fat. Although butter is delicious (let’s admit it, shall we?), healthier fats such as olive and canola oil should be the marquee stars in your kitchen.
Butter is high in saturated fat and contains very small amounts of natural trans fats. Saturated fats and trans fats have been extensively researched for their links to weight gain, heart problems, and diseases including cancer. Researchers are finding however, that natural trans fats found in butter, are much less dangerous to our health than man-made trans fats found in some margarine products that contain hydrogenated oils. Butter is a centuries old natural product made by simply churning cream, while man-made trans fats are created using “hydrogenation,” an industrial process by which hydrogen atoms are added to unsaturated fats so they become solid and shelf stable.
According to the Center for Disease Control and the American Institute for Cancer Research, the intake of artificial types of trans fats found in many highly processed foods should be kept as low as possible. Studies have found that artificial trans fats are related to both an increased risk for heart disease and may also raise the risk of cancer. Because of this, if you choose not to eat butter and opt instead for margarine, make sure to buy a brand with no trans fat such as products made by Smart Balance.