The microbiome is defined as a community of microorganisms, which include fungi, viruses, and bacteria, that inhabit our bodies and can be found anywhere from our skin to intestines. Yes, you’re covered in them. We are carrying trillions of microorganisms on literally every square inch of our bodies. Before you reach for the hand sanitizer it’s important to first know the good, the bad, and the not so ugly truth about your Microbiome.

THE GOOD
One of the main differences between microorganisms is their function. What we refer to as good bacteria play a vital role in our health. In recent years bacteria have become increasingly profitable. We are constantly hearing and seeing information or advertisements about the benefits of “friendly bacteria” or probiotics. Probiotic is a term used to classify foods and supplements that are meant to aid in the production of good bacteria in the body. They provide protection by boosting the immune system, aiding in digestion, and the synthesis of certain vitamins.

THE BAD
There is also the not so good part of your microbiome. When people hear microorganism or bacteria they often think of the common diseases caused by harmful bacteria and viruses. For the most part harmful or bad microorganisms can exist in the body without causing health issues due to the good microorganisms that create a system of checks and balances. When the microbiome becomes imbalanced due to issues such as use of broad spectrum antibiotics which destroy both good and bad bacteria, over consumption of processed or refined foods, stress, and even a lack of sleep are factors that influence your microbiome. This gives the bad bacteria the opportunity to flourish. If the imbalance is left unchecked it can lead to more chronic types of illnesses including many types of cancers.

THE NOT SO UGLY
The silver lining to all this fuss about bacteria is that over the years Microbiome research has made tremendous advancements in understanding how properties of the Microbiome affect Human health and disease. The research provides insight into how DNA could play an important role in possible prevention and treatment of certain chronic illnesses in the future.You can always take a more active role in your health. The foods you consume on a daily basis can determine the types and amounts of microorganisms in the body. Try the Creamy Lemon Yogurt, add some Miso to a side dish, and experiment with Kimchi in a broth. Most Probiotic foods can be relatively inexpensive to purchase and can easily be made at home. To reap the benefits of good bacteria try adding a few probiotic foods and “friendly” dishes to the menu.

Sources: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392374/

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